Many regulations and controls to prevent cruelty. Breeders must possess license to breed and sell, dogs cannot be displayed for immediate sale, and pups must be a minimum of two months old. Protection to the dam, medical testing, proper care and the kennel facilities are clearly outlined. It implies that even home breeding comes under the purview of the above act.
Read The Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules 2017 order here :
ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD OF INDIA
Ministry of Environment &Forests, Govt. of India Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules
It is regretted that due to an increasing demand for pet dogs, a number of unscrupulous breeders are setting up Dog Breeding Kennels throughout India. All too often the animals being bred are kept in appalling conditions and puppies that are weak and sick are often sold as young as 5 weeks. A large percentage of these weak and sickly puppies die soon after being sold causing huge emotional trauma to the buyers besides financial loss.
Another area of major concern is that the breeders use dogs of undesirable temperament (aggressive / nervous temperament) for breeding; this results in serious risks to the public through dog bites. The public are further endangered by the fact that increasingly number of unwanted dogs and puppies are being dumped on the streets and these aggressive animals breed with the local dogs thus adversely affecting their normal placid nature.
Therefore the public needs to be protected from the risk of being attacked by dogs that have been deliberately bred from aggressive or nervous animals. It is also only right that they are protected as consumers from buying sick animals that stand little chance of survival. Moreover, the welfare of the animals used for breeding and their progeny must also be taken into account.
The rules laid out in this document safeguards the public and the canine breeding stock, whilst at the same time they permit the real enthusiast to breed dogs in a responsible and humane way. Every attempt has been made to present the rules in a clear unambiguous manner that can be understood by dog breeders and those enforcing the rules without constant reference to legal advisors.
DOG BREEDING AND MARKETING RULES
In these rules AWBI stands for the Animal Welfare Board of India.
REGISTRATION OF BREEDER
1) All breeders of dogs must be registered with the AWBI.
2) Breeding of dogs without being registered is an offence and can result in the confiscation of breeding stock and puppies as well as a fine of up to Rs5,000 per un-sterilized bitch.
3) Registration with the AWBI does not in it self give breeders the right to set up kennels as all local planning, health and licensing laws must be complied with.
4) No person under 18 years of age may be registered as a breeder.
5) Only one person may be registered for each premises used for breeding.
6) A person can only be registered for one premises at a time.
7) Registration must be in the name of an individual not a company.
8) The name and address of the Veterinary Doctor employed by the breeder must be registered with the AWBI. The Veterinary Doctor must be registered with the Veterinary Council of India and the State Veterinary Council.
9) All breeding stock, both dogs and bitches, must be micro chipped.
10) All adult animals must be vaccinated against rabies, canine distemper virus, canine parvo virus, canine adeno virus, canine influenza and leptospira.
11) Vaccination certificates for all animals must be available for inspection.
12) All breeding stock are to be de-wormed and treated for external parasites as recommended by the registered Veterinary Doctor.
13) Each person registered may only hold no more than 6 breeding bitches and two stud dogs.
14) No more than two breeds of breeding stock may be held by any registered breeder.
15) The registered Veterinary Doctor must certify, in the Stock Control Register as in appendix 4, that the animals to be mated are in a fit healthy condition and that they are neither aggressive or nervous and are of good temperament.
16) The registered Veterinary Doctor must certify, in the Stock Control Register as in appendix 4, that the animals to be mated have no serious genetic defects.
17) No bitch will be bred from in her first season.
18) No stud dog will be bred from until it has reached 18 months of age.
19) No bitch will be bred from after she reaches 8 years old at which age she must be sterilized.
20) No stud dog will be bred from once it reaches 8 years old at which time it must be sterilized.
21) Once a bitch has had a litter she must not be mated in her following season.
22) A bitch will not be bred from more than 5 times in her lifetime.
23) After her fifth litter a bitch must be sterilized.
24) A bitch that has had 2 caesareans must not be bred from and must be sterilized.
25) The sale or disposal of any breeding stock must be entered in the Stock Register and full details recorded of the new owner along with the address and phone numbers.
26) Breeding stock may not be sold for vivisection.
27) No puppies may be sold until they have reached 8 weeks of age and are fully weaned.
28) All puppies must be micro chipped before sale.
29) All puppies must get their first vaccination at 6 weeks of age against Distemper, Parvovirus, Adeno virus, Leptospirosis.
30) All puppies sold must have a vaccination certificate signed by the registered Veterinary Doctor to show that the puppies have been fully vaccinated against Canine distemper virus, canine parvo virus, canine adeno virus, canine influenza and leptospira.
31) All puppies must be de-wormed in accordance with the recommendation of the registered Veterinary Doctor.
32) Puppies must be treated for external parasites as recommended by the registered Veterinary Doctor.
33) Vaccination certificates for all puppies must be available for inspection.
34) Puppies may not be sold for vivisection or to dealers that are known suppliers of animals for vivisection.
KENNEL CLUBS IN INDIA
35) The various Kennel Clubs in India shall not register any pup / male / female dog which has not been registered with the AWBI.
36) Registering animals from a non-registered breeder with AWBI is an offence for which legal action may be taken.
37) In the event of any animal contracting a contagious or infectious disease at the establishment the Veterinary Doctor shall direct the quarantining of the establishment for as long as it takes to ensure there is no longer any risk of infection. During this period no animal may leave or enter the premises other than at the direction of the Veterinary Doctor for intensive care of the animal.
38) Any animal needing to be euthanized must be euthanized by a Registered Veterinary Doctor in a humane way by lethal injection and the body must be properly disposed of.
39) The breeder must ensure that during periods that the registered Veterinary Doctor is on holiday or unavailable another Veterinary Doctor is available to attend during the absence and a note to this effect shall be noted in the Veterinary Doctors Register.
MUTILATION OF ANIMALS
40) No animal will under go tail docking, ear cropping or any other form of mutilation that is carried out for cosmetic reasons.
41) Any person carrying out any form of mutilation for cosmetic reasons will be prosecuted and any Veterinary Doctor reported to the Veterinary Council of India and the State Veterinary Council.
42) Food must be of good quality and provide a balanced diet.
43) Lactating mothers must be fed at least three times a day and receive vitamin and mineral supplements.
44) When puppies are being weaned they must receive regular small feeds throughout the day as directed by the Veterinary Doctor.
45) Fresh clean water must be available at all times.
46) Deprivation of food and water shall not be used to train, punish or move an animal